In second language learning as in other field of human learning, motivation is the crucial force which determinate whether a learner embarks on a task at all. The extent of this communicative need depends to a considerable extent of the nature of the social community (Tracy Terrell 1977-1982).
Brian an American guy who I interviewed says he needs to develop all areas of communication because he is studying Spanish Language Teaching. And he is an Integrative learner because he needs Spanish for Teaching.
The learner with more favorably attitude will wish for more intensive contact with the second Language community (Clare Bustall 1974). As Brian says he loves learning about new cultures and ideas, and also learning another language not only gives you an opportunity to communicate with another set of people, but it also changes the way you view the world and language itself.
Another important influence on the proficiency he achieves will be the quality of the learning opportunities which the environment offers. After that Brian says he has some friends who speak Spanish there in the US. His friend from Puerto Rico prefers to speak in Spanish, because his English skill is still very basic. However he also has other friends who prefer the constant exposure to English, and they prefer speaking in English.
In an environment where learners feel anxious or insecure there are likely Psychological barriers to communication however if a learner likes the environment he is going to improve. For example Brent thinks Hispanic culture is warmer, more family and person oriented. He thinks it is welcoming and inviting for that reason. Also, Hispanic countries have great food. He loves Hispanic culture.
Brian says formal instruction is important, he feels like there are needs to be a structured setting. Along with formal exposure to the language, we need to learn formal grammatical ideas and concepts it’s part of the idea of Second Language Acquisition.
To be effective in all areas of communication (reading, writing, listening and speaking), we need to be able to identify and focus on weaknesses.
Ability is often restricted to cognitive aspects of a person’s ability to learn. For example he actually began learning Spanish online with some friends. He has studied it formally at the University for about two years.
In conclusion the Second Language Learning is a process. You have to take time and learn things, piece by piece. Every part is important, and you should master all basics areas before trying to move on. All learners need to feel motivated so as to improve with their language.